Knee pain can be caused by disease or injury and can make it very difficult to get around. Among Americans, approximately 25% have experienced knee pain and that percentage is growing. Knee pain can cause difficulty activities such as walking, sitting, standing, climbing stairs, or any kind of sports related activity. Our physical therapist at PTI are specifically trained to help diagnose and treat these issues.
There are 4 main ligaments that support the knee joint:
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
- Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
- Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)
The medial and lateral meniscus are the cartilage rings surrounding the knee that can also be affected.
Knee pain can occur out of the blue as result of repetitive movement of the joint and can happen in any area of the knee. Common knee pain include:
-Anterior knee pain
– Lateral knee pain
-Medial knee pain
– Ligament tear pain
– osteoarthritis pain
When you come in for an evaluation, your physical therapist will diagnose you based on your symptoms. Proceeding the evaluations, you will have an interview about your past medical history and symptoms so your therapist can determine where your pain is coming from. From there, your therapist will perform test to see if you have limited range of motion, weakness in surrounding muscles, limited flexibility, problems with balance, etc.) Based off of your results, you will discuss the best plan of action to return you to living a normal life. This may include:
Pain management: Using techniques and treatment such as ice, heat, electrical stimulation or massage to help decrease your pain.
Manual Therapy: Hands on therapy to gently guide the movement of your knee.
Therapeutic Exercise: Your PT will prescribe different exercises the gain endurance and strength to address your specific needs.
Functional Exercises: You will receive customized exercises designed to help you return to your daily activities.
Self-care instruction: Your PT will teach you ways to exercise and treat yourself at home that you can continue after your formal physical therapy sessions and help avoid future injury.